The dilution of precise concepts

January 28, 2020 · 2 min read

So many new terms and concepts are so quickly diluted in the sea of public discourse. “Disruption”, “pivot”, “refactor” … all had precise, technical meanings; all have been picked up and tossed about so loosely by casual observers that they stretch into unrecognizability.

Why does this happen?

I wrote about those three examples almost a decade ago. Just to look briefly at them and others:





“Lean startup”


“Story” (scrum)

“Product/market fit”

Why does this happen?

Often, it’s because understanding the concept depends on a whole theory and framework of ideas and observations around it, which most people don’t have. People like Clayton Christensen (RIP) and Eric Ries are careful thinkers who are making technical distinctions in an area before most people have even noticed the world of phenomena they’re observing. If you haven’t looked deeply at innovation and competition, or wondered why incumbents navigate some technology transitions easily and other times get overthrown by upstart new entrants, you won’t have the background to even understand “sustaining” vs. “disruptive” innovation. If you haven’t struggled through the early, pre–product/market fit phase of a startup, or stumbled through transitions after your initial concept fails, you can’t understand the difference between a “pivot” and a “jump”.

Sometimes there isn’t even a word for the wider category. “Pivot” and “jump” are two types of … what? What’s the genus? “Change”? Same with “refactor”. So in people’s minds the concept snaps to a higher level of generality, which is the only place it can fit. “Pivot” and “refactor” both just come to mean “change”.

Sometimes the concept wasn’t very clearly defined in the first place. I blame “agile” and “product/market fit” for this. Then they quickly come to mean whatever anyone wants them to mean (i.e., they mean almost nothing).

Sadly, I don’t know what to do about this. Concepts run away from their inventors and take on a life of their own. It’s natural and organic, determined by some laws of memetic evolution no one can directly control.

Is there any way to protect our technical concepts? Or at least to guide their evolution? What should pioneering thinkers do to communicate their ideas intact to a broad audience? What are successful examples?

These days I do most of my writing at The Roots of Progress. If you liked this essay, check out my other work there.


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